《玛雅十日谈》     回二闲堂  回目录






土伦遗址位于尤卡坦半岛的加勒比海滨十二米高的岩石峭壁上。 玛雅地点可能也以前被名字 Zama 知道了,意味着黎明的城市。Tulum 也是栅栏或者 wall[1] 的 Yucatec Mayan 词(或者掘沟),以及地点允许 Tulum 堡垒担任在侵略对面的一个被告的墙环境。从在地点附近在壁饰和其他作品中的很多的描写, Tulum 好象是对跳水或者下降 God.[1] 的崇拜的重要的地点在 Tulum ruins.While 的主要的建筑物日期为 A.D 的铭文。564 在地点被找到了, [1] 大部分结构现在可见在古典后的时代被建造,大约 1200 到 1450。城市剩余占领通过尤卡坦的西班牙战胜的早期,但是在 16 世纪结束之前被放弃。本地玛雅人继续访问庙,烧熏香,请求,直到访问地点的游客为本地居民变得太很多的迟的 20 世纪。被毁掉宫殿,建筑物的 TulumA 数字把壁画壁饰列在内部上(颜料的小剩余踪迹表明一些建筑物的外部可能相似地被装饰了)。壁饰显示 Mixtec 影响。城市首先被胡安 Diez 提及, 1518.[1] 的胡安 de Grijalva 的一部分的探险第一详尽的描写毁灭在尤卡坦在旅行的书事件在 1843 年由约翰·劳伊德·斯蒂芬斯和弗里德里克 Catherwood 所出版的。地点有中等的大小,随着谦虚依大小排列的建筑物的建造。 The Maya site may have been formerly also known by the name Zama, meaning city of Dawn. Tulúm is also the Yucatec Mayan word for fence or wall[1] (or trench), and the walls surrounding the site allowed the Tulum fort to serve as a defense against invasion. From the numerous depictions in murals and other works around the site, Tulum appears to have been an important site for the worship of the Diving or Descending God.[1] The main building at the Tulum ruins.While an inscription dated A.D. 564 has been found at the site,[1] most of the structures now visible were built in the Post-Classic Era, between about 1200 and 1450. The city remained occupied through the early years of the Spanish conquest of Yucatán, but was abandoned by the end of the 16th century. Local Maya continued to visit the temples, to burn incense and pray, until the late 20th century, when tourists visiting the site became too numerous for the local inhabitants. Ruined palace, TulumA number of the buildings have fresco murals on the interior (small remaining traces of paint suggest that the exterior of some buildings may have been similarly decorated). The murals show Mixtec influence. The city was first mentioned by Juan Diez, part of Juan de Grijalva's expedition of 1518.[1] The first detailed description of the ruins was published by John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood in 1843 in the book Incidents of Travel in Yucatan. The site is of moderate size, with construction of modest-sized buildings.

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